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Italian garden philosophy

Italian garden philosophy

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The Italian garden began to take shape in the tenth century but it established itself decisively in the fifteenth century. The Italian garden is a type of garden famous all over the world, the most important villas of our territory always have a fabulous garden, created in this style to be admired. Where the forms are more rigorous and square, we refer to the period of the Renaissance, where instead the shapes follow softer lines also drawing ovals, it is in the period of the baroque garden. In this last period, a clear contrast develops with the rigidity of the garden layout, which must have had well-defined geometric lines and the contours must have been clearly visible. Freedom in nature and its forms, where the garden appears to be ordered, should not be subjected to such rigid constraints. It is a garden philosophy that follows various stages during which it diversifies. Today the Italian garden is a clear demonstration of the ability of gardeners but also of those who had to choose the species to be inserted, many of them today are secular trees, without counting the numerous botanical gardens. With reference to the latter, it is possible to say that today there are several visitable gardens, in which there are species of plants and flowers from all over the world. The garden was certainly not for everyone but was a highly distinctive sign for those who belonged to high society. These are gardens that, among other things, need maintenance and care, without forgetting the periodic pruning of the hedges. Flowers are an important element of the Italian garden, tulips, hyacinths, roses to create flowery corners or flowerbeds inside a hedge. Roses are a flower often present, delicate, fragrant and of infinite colors. The hedge is a determining element of the Italian garden that traces the Renaissance style, the plants are planted thickly and pruned with a certain regularity so that the same does not lose the form that was given to it. The lauroceraso, the laurel are used with a certain regularity to create above all hedges that can also have the function of windbreak. They also serve to delimit the perimeter of the garden, it can be given a different height and, moreover, it is a plant that has excellent ability to adapt to any kind of climate. Those who have a marked ability to draw shapes with hedges and geometric patterns can do it on their own, otherwise they can turn to a gardener, to whom giving the indications on the form, he will carry out what is required. To maintain that shape, periodic pruning is required. Even the irrigation system must be adequate, as, depending on the type of plant, adequate irrigation is required, an automatic underground system allows the plants to always have the right amount of water.

Italian garden philosophy: How to make it happen

To create an Italian garden, you must first choose the classic plants that make up this type of garden, and then try to place them in a place where there is adequate sun exposure. The plant in the Italian garden has a specific purpose, used as if it were an architectural element, this can be found in the precise shapes of the hedges or in the shapes of the boxwood plants. By creating the right balance, the Italian garden will give the garden a unique appearance, but for those who do not have a green thumb, and know little about the history of this garden, it is preferable to rely on experienced people. The professional gardener is specialized in the techniques of making different gardens, including the Italian style. To have a good distribution of the plants on the available surface to be used for the garden, it is always necessary to create spaces with well-defined proportions, considering also that today the garden has become an increasingly accessorized place, where not only plants and flowers stand out but also the outdoor furniture. Obviously the furniture structures take up space that could be dedicated to the plants, for this reason the spaces must be well proportioned. An expert person will also be able to define what are the most suitable plants for their garden, also based on the climatic conditions. In order that the garden is always perfectly in order, special care and attention must be given to it, otherwise neglecting it the plants would soon become dry.