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Uvularia - overseas beauty from the shadows

Uvularia - overseas beauty from the shadows



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House areas, gardens, parks have many heavily shaded areas. This is where the North American uvularia comes to the rescue.

Content:

  • Origin and description
  • Uvularia in the garden
  • Planting and leaving

Origin and description

Uvularia came to gardens from North America, where it grows from Canada to Mexico. A perennial herb related to liliaceae. The rhizome branches horizontally, giving several straight stems. The height of the bush is up to 80 cm, diameter is up to 40 cm. The flowers are large enough, drooping, cream or yellow-colored, reminiscent of lilies.

In nature, it is represented by species:

  • Uvularia large-flowered
  • Uvularia pierced-leaved
  • Uvularia sessile
  • Florida uvularia
  • Uvularia weakly pubescent

Uvularia blooms in late May. The fruit is a capsule. The seeds are surrounded by an attractive nutrient shell for ants - alaisoma. The ants bring seeds with alaisa to the larvae, and after they have eaten it, they carry the seeds out of the nest, helping the uvularia to spread over large areas. The plant is frost-resistant, unpretentious.

Uvularia in the garden

On the territory of Russia and the CIS countries, the plant appeared relatively recently: in the late nineties of the last century. It remained quite rare for a long time. Currently, the most commonly cultivated uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered). The plant thrives under the shelter of garden trees, in areas with limited sunlight. This is due to the fact that in nature it prefers deciduous forests.

It grows rather slowly, when planted with seeds, it blooms in the fourth - fifth year of life. Bushes are powerful, with several straight stems. Leaves are poorly pubescent, numerous. Flowering begins in May. Lasts 20 - 25 days. The flowers are green-yellow or yellow, in the form of drooping bells, up to five centimeters long.

When decorating shady garden and park paths, uvularia bushes with delicate leaves look great. When blooming, yellow flowers brighten the shady corner of the site. After the cessation of flowering, the bush does not lose its attractiveness. Even in autumn, yellowed leaves add color to the garden.

When installing rockeries, this plant will be very natural and aesthetic among stones, next to medium-sized forms of conifers:

  • thuja
  • juniper
  • cypress
  • pyramidal spruce

An unusual combination with purple-leaved barberries will give individuality to garden compositions, especially in autumn: yellowing uvularia leaves and red barberries will create the illusion of flowering. It goes well with hosts, ferns. If there is a reservoir in the garden, then uvularia is simply irreplaceable for decorating its banks.

Planting and leaving

You can plant uvularia in two ways: by seeds and by dividing the bush. The soil is suitable for her of medium density, with an acidity close to neutral. Therefore, if necessary, add sand, clay, lime - fluff. It is better to plant freshly harvested seeds in the fall, seeding them to a depth of 5 cm. Sowing of seeds is also possible in spring: in a greenhouse or greenhouse. However, it should be remembered that flowering may have to wait at least five years.

A faster result can be achieved by dividing a large bush. To do this, at the end of summer, dig up the rhizome and cut into several parts. It is important to ensure that there is a renewal kidney on all parts. Treat the cut points with ash. Place the separated part of the plant in a moistened planting hole, cover the rhizomes with soil, slightly compact. In order for the separated bushes to take root, monitor the moisture content of the soil, prevent drying out.

In the spring and summer, plants need at least two fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, additional watering in drought.

Uvularia is practically not damaged by diseases, but delicate leaves should be protected from being eaten by slugs and snails. This can be avoided with the help of special traps or by treating the plants with preparations "Thunderstorm", "Meta". Frost resistance is very good, but additional shelter is needed in snowless winters.

Uvularia bushes feel great in one place for many years. The older the bush, the more beautiful it is. Without the need, it is better not to touch it, not transplant it to another place and not divide it. If you need additional bushes, it is best to purchase planting material in specialized flower shops, including through the Internet.

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