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In indoor and garden floriculture, begonia came from the wild nature of South America, Asia, India, Africa. Begona.
Later, more than 1000 species of begonias were found in the wild. Indoor and garden varieties and hybrids are based on about 130 species of these plants. Many varieties of both flowering and leafy forms have been obtained.
For lovers of bright and unpretentious plants, with double and semi-double flowers, beautiful, asymmetric foliage, the ampelous form of begonias enjoys special attention.
Due to its decorative appearance, lush flowering and ease of care, even a novice florist can grow it.
Plants of this genus reproduce mainly by tubers and cuttings, but there are situations when, in order to obtain ampelous begonias, growing from seeds is the only possible way to get plants with the necessary flowers and leaves in sufficient quantities.
- Preparing the soil for sowing
- Care for seedlings of ampelous begonia
- Pick, growth stimulation
Preparing the soil for sowing
To grow healthy seedlings of ampelous begonias from seeds, you must first of all take care of the composition of the soil. To sow begonias seeds, a soil with a slightly acidic, close to neutral reaction is needed. To prepare the right mixture, you need:
- leaf land
- turf land
Since the seeds of ampelous begonia are very small and can easily suffer from mold, all the ingredients should be rinsed and calcined in an oven for twenty to thirty minutes.
After that, mix everything in the proportion of one part of sand, to four parts of leafy soil and to one sod. Since the optimal time for sowing seedlings is the end of December - January, it is necessary to take care of the soil before the onset of frost.
You can also use ready-made soil for begonias.
The extremely small size of the seeds of ampelous begonia (about 60 thousand seeds in one gram) makes it difficult to sow it evenly. Therefore, before planting, the soil in the planting boxes must be well moistened and it should be done, preferably a day before sowing. And before filling the containers with earth, do not forget to pour drainage at the bottom.
Spread the seeds for sowing evenly over the surface and cover with foil or glass to maintain moisture, do not water after sowing, as water can drag the seeds under the soil layer and you can not wait for seedlings.
It is more convenient to use a granular version of ampelous begonia seeds. It should be borne in mind that they must be taken 1.5 - 2 times more than the estimated number of plants at the output. For example, if you need five seedlings, then you need to sow 10 granules, if 100, then 200 granules.
It is better to plant granulated seeds in a cassette-type container, place two granules in each cell and press them slightly with the soil to accelerate the dissolution of the casing layer, and then cover with a cover glass.
For a more friendly emergence of seedlings in the room where the seedling box stands, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of + 24 + 25 degrees. Seed germination time from 8 - 9 days to 21-25 days.
Care for seedlings of ampelous begonia
During the period of the appearance of the first shoots, it is worth protecting the seedlings from direct sunlight and drying out of the soil. Since the growth is very tender at this time, it is better to use bottom watering by placing the container in a pan with water. At the same time, you can reduce the room temperature to +20 +21 degrees.
If the seedlings emerged in January, then the ampelous begonia seedlings will be greatly lacking in natural light and the sprouts will be weak and thin, most of them will die, because in January the days are still very short, so you need to take care of an artificial light source in advance. It is advisable that the seedlings were at least 12-14 hours under continuous illumination.
Additional lighting will have to be turned off for the first time until two o'clock in the morning. As the seedlings grow and daylight hours increase, this period will gradually decrease.
Pick, growth stimulation
After about 50 - 60 days, the grown seedlings need a pick. If the seedlings are intended for implementation, then it is more convenient to dive them into separate cups or pots, the soil is taken as for sowing, drainage is poured to the bottom and the cup is filled with earth so that about 0.8 - 1 cm remains to the edge. The height of the cup is at least 10 cm. To decorate hanging baskets, 3 to 5 plants are dived into a flat wide pot at once.
Cups with dived seedlings must be set so that all plants receive good lighting and periodically they must be rotated or rearranged. At the same time, you can lower the temperature by one or two degrees.
The stems of ampelous begonia tend to stretch naturally, so you should not use growth stimulants, but 12-14 days after the pick, young plants need to be fed with complex fertilizers. The frequency of further dressings is once every two weeks. At the beginning of the growing season, it is better to introduce nitrogen fertilizers, and during the period of budding and flowering, phosphorus - potassium fertilizers.
The growth of seedlings until they reach a size suitable for planting in the ground, on balconies and loggias, lasts from about 20 to 22 weeks. Thus, if the seedlings emerged in January, in late May - early June, the plants are fully formed and ready to bloom.
Ampel begonias grown from seeds are planted in baskets and hanging pots. Place them on:
The first numerous flowers open on beautifully falling stems already at the beginning of summer, flowering is long, until the onset of frost, and if you bring it indoors, the ampelous begonia grown from seeds will continue to bloom for some time.
It is noteworthy that there are two types of flowers on begonias: small women and elegant, large men. With poor care, begonia can shed male flowers and lose decorativeness, therefore, when growing a flower, you must follow the basic agricultural techniques.
Secrets of rooting ampelous begonia on video: