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In addition to the official botanical name, clematis have several other names: grandfather's curls, clematis, warthog.
The plant attracts flower growers with beautiful flowers on climbing vines.
However, it is not always possible to get a plant seedling and there is a question about growing clematis from seeds.
You can plant a seed and get a young plant from it, regardless of the type and variety of clematis.
- Clematis or clematis: types and forms
- Growing clematis from seeds
- Transplanting and caring for young clematis
Clematis or clematis: types and forms
Clematis are most often herbaceous climbing plants with liana-like climbing stems. Creeping and upright species are also found.
They are widespread almost everywhere except for the polar regions. They first appeared in culture in Japan. Since the 16th century they are grown in Europe, and in Russia they began to get carried away from the end of the 18th century.
It is important to know that many species are very different from each other. In the herbaceous species of direct clematis, as well as in the Manchu and Texas, ground shoots die off annually at the end of autumn.
In the semi-shrub clematis, hogweed and whole-leaved, the lower part of the shoots lignifies and persists for several seasons.
Lignified shoots of shrub clematis persist in winter. Lianas of purple clematis and grape-leaved clematis master vertical supports, climbing them with the help of petiole leaves.
The root system of different types of clematis can be both pivotal and fibrous. The stems are also different: herbaceous representatives have rounded green stems, and the stems of woody ones are in the form of polyhedrons with brown bark.
Leaves, simple or complex, are arranged in pairs, there are species with leaf plates painted in purple colors.
Flowers of a wide variety of colors deserve special attention:
There are plants with both simple and double flowers. A simple flower with numerous stamens and pistils in the center looks unusual, they form a so-called spider, which differs in color from the color of the petals. Simple flowers have 4 - 8 petals, and double ones - up to seven dozen.
Clematis feel great in one place for at least two decades. The fruit of clematis has a spout-shaped outgrowth and a device for spreading by the wind.
Clematis reproduce both by seeds and vegetatively. If we are talking about large-flowered forms, then here reproduction is possible only by vegetative parts.
Small-flowered clematis are almost always grown by sowing seeds.
Growing clematis from seeds
Before sowing into the ground, clematis seeds need special preparation - stratification, which several times reduces the time from sowing to the appearance of sprouts. Otherwise, the seeds can lie in the soil for almost a year and a half.
This applies primarily to large, 5 to 12 mm seeds. Medium-sized seeds emerge in six months, and small ones, not exceeding 3 mm in diameter, can germinate in three weeks and three months.
Preliminary preparation is carried out in several stages. At the first stage, the seeds must be soaked for five days in water, which must be systematically changed to fresh.
At the second stage, the seeds are sown in containers with soil, consisting of earth, sand and peat. The seeding depth for large seeds is two centimeters, for medium ones - one cm, and for small ones - no deeper than 0.8 mm.
After sowing, the containers must be kept in a warm place for ten days, where the temperature is not lower than 18 and not higher than 22 degrees.
After that, the seedling boxes are placed on the lower shelf in the refrigerator or covered with snow in the garden for a period of 90 days. In the spring, after the end of stratification, shoots appear in about two to three weeks.
You can do it in another way. Sow seeds in early winter in containers with moist fertile soil. Then place them on a glazed loggia, in a greenhouse without heating.
With the onset of spring, bring the containers to a warm place and place them on a lighted windowsill. With regular watering, the seeds will begin to germinate after 20 days. If this does not happen, do not rush to part with the crops.
Seedlings can appear throughout the summer if the containers are kept in a cool place, sometimes the seeds are dormant until the next spring.
When sowing small seeds, you can limit yourself to pre-soaking. When leaves appear, the plants are transplanted, sometimes immediately to a permanent place, sometimes in a greenhouse or in a separate container.
Transplanting and caring for young clematis
As soon as the second pair of leaves appears on young plants, they must be transplanted into separate pots, and if the weather permits, then immediately to a permanent place, especially since frequent transplants negatively affect forms with taproots.
The plant needs a spacious planting pit with a good drainage layer. Fertile soil with a height of 30 - 40 cm is poured on it with a mound and a clematis seedling obtained from seeds is installed on top.
Cover the roots with soil so that the shoot is in a small depression, and the root collar is level with the ground. When clematis starts to grow, the soil needs to be poured periodically.
In some cases, the ground part grows rather slowly, this is due to the fact that the root system is growing first, and then the green shoots.
At least once every three to four weeks, young clematis should be watered with a solution of complete mineral fertilizer. After each watering, the soil is mulched. In the first three years after planting, humus mixed with wood ash is introduced under the plant.
It is better to do this in late autumn or early spring. Also, when forming the ground part, it is important to ensure that closely growing shoots do not get entangled with each other and have a support.
Growing clematis from seeds, although it requires some skills and time, but it justifies itself by obtaining beautiful plants for vertical and horizontal gardening of the site, decorating gazebos, loggias, low and high walls.
Useful video on pruning clematis: