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To get a good harvest of peppers, it is important not only to properly plant the seeds for seedlings, but also to provide sufficient heat, light and moisture. If all these requirements are met, sweet and tasty peppers can be grown.
- Preparing for landing
- Growing requirements
- Growing and grooming activities
Preparing for landing
The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings is February-March. In this case, the plant variety must be taken into account. Early varieties are best sown in February, and later varieties in March. When growing peppers, you need to pay special attention to the soil. Peppers grow well in loose, breathable soil. The soil must contain all the necessary nutrients.
The acidity level in the soil should be in the range of pH 6-6.5. In case of high acidity, it is recommended to add dolomite flour (for 1 kg of soil 15-17 g of flour). When growing seedlings, you can prepare such a soil mixture: take garden soil and humus in a 2: 1 ratio. It should be remembered that it is not recommended to use garden land on which tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant were previously grown.
Add a little wood ash and equal amounts of peat and sawdust to this mixture. Instead of sawdust, you can take coarse sand. Next, the soil must be mixed, calcined or treated with potassium permanganate. After that, you can fill the boxes with earth and start sowing. If purchased soil is used for seedlings, then it needs to be improved. To do this, add 1.5 kg of sand to 5 kg of soil and 1-2 tbsp. dolomite flour, ash and mineral fertilizers. The seeds also need to be prepared for sowing.
It is necessary to select low-quality seeds. To do this, dilute 30 g of salt in a liter of water, mix and add seeds. All the empty ones will float up, and the quality ones will sink to the bottom. Next, drain the water along with the empty seeds and select high-quality seed. They need to be rinsed under water and dried.
Pepper seeds must be hardened. In the daytime, they are kept at a temperature of 20-22 degrees, and put in the refrigerator overnight on the lower shelf.
The hardening procedure must be performed for 3-5 days. To prevent diseases of seedlings and young seedlings, seeds should be treated in a solution of potassium permanganate. They need to be put in a cotton bag and immersed in the solution for 15-20 minutes. Then rinse with water. In order for the seedlings to grow well, you can treat the seeds with growth stimulants: Ideal, Novosil, Epin, etc.
Sowing seeds is carried out in prepared boxes, cups and other containers. The seeds should be deepened by no more than 1-2 cm, and the distance from each other should be 2-3 cm. After sowing, place the container in a warm place and cover with foil. Since pepper is a thermophilic crop, it is important to observe the temperature regime.
Video about growing pepper seedlings:
Before the emergence of seedlings, the temperature should be in the range of 20-28 degrees, then after their appearance the temperature is reduced: at night 15-17 degrees, and during the day - 20-22 degrees. On sunny days, it is necessary to shade the plant so that the seedlings do not stretch out. The soil should be moistened every 1-2 days using a hand sprayer.
Growing and grooming activities
After the emergence of seedlings, it is not necessary to water the plant for 2-3 days, but only to moisten the soil surface using a spray bottle. If cotyledons have appeared, then watering begins with warm water, about 30 degrees. It is important to maintain the water balance and prevent waterlogging and drying out of the soil. In case of insufficient lighting, additional illumination with fluorescent lamps is carried out.
After 14 days, you can feed the plant. For the roots, it is better to use Potassium Humate.
10 liters of water will require 25 ml of fertilizer. No more than 300 ml of fertilizer should be applied to one seedling. The last feeding is performed during the flowering period, when there are already 6-8 leaves. Boric acid (1.7 g), iron sulfate and manganese (1 g), copper sulfate and zinc (0.2 g) should be taken. Dilute all these components in 10 liters of water and add 0.5 liters for each plant.
It should be remembered that after each feeding, it is imperative to water the plant. 2 weeks before planting in the ground, the peppers need to be hardened. During this time, you should gradually reduce the amount of watering and reduce the air temperature. Containers with seedlings must be taken out for 4-6 hours in an unheated room. In such conditions, gradually increase the stay. With the appearance of 2 leaves, you can pick into separate containers.
If you perform a pick earlier or later than the term, this can lead to growth retardation. Before transplanting, the soil must be moistened to avoid damage to the root system. A pick is best done in peat pots. They can then be planted with the seedlings in open ground. The seedling is buried in and, together with the earthy clod, is separated from other plants. It should be remembered that the spine is not shortened.