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What does boletus look like and features of boletus cultivation

What does boletus look like and features of boletus cultivation


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When going on a quiet hunt, every mushroom picker should know the main edible mushrooms that are in the area. We will try to find out what the boletus looks like, its types and whether it can be confused with poisonous or inedible mushrooms.

Content:

  • Boletus mushroom
  • How can boletus be used, their chemical composition
  • Growing boletus to your own strength

Boletus mushroom

The mushroom got its name for its ability to form mycorrhiza with birch roots. As a result of this interaction, mushrooms and trees help each other in obtaining and assimilating nutrients. On the territory of domestic forests there are about four dozen species of boletus boletus.

All of them are representatives of tubular mushrooms from the genus Obabka. The color of caps in boletus may differ not only from the species, but also from the growing conditions. Most often, the hats are colored brown in different shades.

There are species with gray and pinkish caps. The flesh of the cap is light, sometimes colored pink or blue at the break. The legs of boletus boletus are thin, but rather strong and firm, cylindrical with a thickening at the bottom.

As they grow in adult boletus, they coarse, acquire a fibrous structure. Boletus boletus legs have a characteristic gray-speckled pattern, well pronounced almost along the entire length.

Boletus fruit bodies grow very quickly. Approximately on the sixth day after emergence, they reach their maximum size and the fungus begins to age. On the 10th day, the fruiting body of the boletus becomes old and unfit for food.

Despite the fact that all boletus mushrooms have a similar appearance and taste, there are still some differences between them:

  • common boletus - the mushroom has several varieties of caps which are colored from light gray to dark brown, the leg is thin, thickened in the lower part, the pulp is light, does not change color at the break, an adult mushroom has a leg up to 17 cm long and a cap up to 15 cm in diameter, fruiting bodies begin to appear in early June and occur until mid-September
  • pink boletus - the cap of the mushroom has a gray-brown or brown-brown color, at the break the flesh turns pink, the leg is thin, clavate, the lower part of the cap in young mushrooms is light, in old ones it is dark, dirty gray, fruiting bodies appear throughout the summer, until October
  • black boletus - it has a dark brown or black cap, in addition, it can be twice as small in size as other types of this mushroom

Important! Even experienced mushroom pickers can confuse boletus mushrooms with some tubular inedible mushrooms. An inedible gall mushroom looks like a boletus. The main difference is the pattern on the leg in the form of a net of brown veins, the taste is bitter.

Pepper mushroom also belongs to mushrooms that can be confused with boletus. The main difference is the yellow color of the pulp and the pungent taste. The mushroom is not poisonous, but it is used in small quantities in place of pepper. It is more often found under conifers than under birches.

How can boletus be used, their chemical composition

All boletus mushrooms are good edible mushrooms. When collecting them in the forest for eating, it is important to know that you need to refuse and not take boletus mushrooms into the basket if:

  • old mushroom
  • shows significant signs of insect damage
  • grows near a motorway or railroad
  • a large industrial enterprise is located nearby
  • the appearance of the mushroom is in doubt

It is necessary to give preference to young and strong mushrooms from ecologically clean areas of the forest. All boletus boletuses are distinguished by a rather large, up to 90 g / 100 g water content and a significant, up to 5 g / 100 g, amount of dietary fiber.

Protein compounds in these mushrooms are slightly more than 2 g / 100 g, almost 1 g / 100 contains fats, and carbohydrates in them 2 g / 100 g. The nutritional value of boletus boletus is 20 kcal / 100 g. The proteins of these mushrooms contain essential amino acids, before in total such as:

  • isoleucine
  • tryptophan
  • valine
  • lysine

Vitamins were also found in boletus:

  • FROM
  • E
  • IN 1
  • IN 2
  • PP

Macro- and microelements are presented:

  • potassium
  • phosphorus
  • magnesium
  • iron
  • calcium

Boletus boletus can be used for preparing first and second courses, pickling and for fillings in pies. Important! Before cooking, boletus boletus must be sorted out, washed and boiled for 20 minutes.

To keep the mushrooms lighter in color, you can add a little lemon juice to the water. Despite the fact that the caps of the boletus are softer than those of the porcini mushroom, they can completely replace it in any dish. If it is not possible to go to the forest, you can boletus on the site.

Growing boletus to your own strength

If there are birches older than four years on the site, then you can try to grow mushrooms under them on your own. A simple way is suitable for this. It consists in spreading the caps of overripe mushrooms under the trees, crushed and mixed with a small amount of gelatin and flour. During the summer, the land near the birches is regularly watered from a watering can.

Perhaps next year the mycelium will grow and give a harvest of fruit bodies. If young mushrooms are collected in the forest, then they can be broken, spread out under the trees, covered with foliage, also regularly moistening the soil. Now there is an opportunity to buy mycelium in a special store, place it under birches in accordance with the instructions.

Video about when and where to collect boletus:


Watch the video: 10 Wild Mushrooms! Polypores, Boletes, Gilled Fungi, u0026 More! (June 2022).


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