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How to sprout a chrysanthemum from a bouquet, how to grow a new bush from a cutting

How to sprout a chrysanthemum from a bouquet, how to grow a new bush from a cutting



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Many of us, receiving a beautiful bouquet of chrysanthemums, thought that it would be good to grow just such a variety on our site. And you don't have to look for seeds of a similar variety in flower shops, grow seedlings and wait for flowering.

It is possible to grow a full-fledged plant from a cut branch and root it, you just need to know the technique of germinating this flower from a bouquet.

Content:

  1. Is it possible to grow a chrysanthemum from a bouquet?
  2. Planting rules for ready-made cutting
  3. Chrysanthemum care
  4. Preparing for the winter season
  5. Autumn cuttings

Is it possible to grow a chrysanthemum from a bouquet?

Florists are well aware that germination does not require complex manipulations and especially complex actions. You can root the shrub in the same way as roses, or use the presented bouquet and grow the flowers you like.

How to sprout a chrysanthemum from a bouquet? Even an inexperienced summer resident is able to cope with this task. For cuttings, only flowers of Russian origin are taken, and most of the foreign ones are treated with special preparations that increase the resistance and prevent the germination of roots.

The difference from roses is that the cuttings do not need to be immediately prepared and used for germination, but you can enjoy the bright flowers for a while, and only then harvest the cuttings.

Korean varieties with small flowers take root most easily, while Indian varieties require more time and effort. To grow a chrysanthemum from a cut flower, you need to know some rules.

The main ones are:

  • You should not take very young, fragile or old shoots. The young rarely give results, and the old ones simply rot.
  • Choose healthy, brightly colored side branches. The best ones are lateral shoots on the main stem, but before the shoots with flowers begin. If there are yellow spots on the selected branch, you should not take it.

The selected shoot is cut off, leaving a part of the maternal stem on it from below, all foliage is removed, except for the upper few leaves. They are cut to 1/3 of their length. This technique stimulates root growth and prevents foliage from growing. The crown is pinched for future branching.

It is advisable to keep the prepared stalk for several hours in preparations that accelerate the growth of roots: root or others, and then put it in a vessel with boiled or filtered water with added activated carbon.

The first roots should be expected in 5 days. If you see that the chrysanthemum has taken root in a vase, then these cuttings are ready for planting in a rooting pot.

The soil should be neutral ph or slightly acidic. The main thing is not to plant it in an acidic soil mixture, the acidity must be reduced by adding wood ash.

The soil is saturated with useful substances, rotted compost and some mineral fertilizers, for example, nitrophosphate, are added. For good drainage in a pot, perlite, expanded clay, polystyrene, river pebbles are added to the soil.

It is advisable to choose a pot that is not very deep, but wide, at least 25-30 cm in diameter, since the roots of the flower grow over the surface, and not deep.

Planting rules for ready-made cutting

How to properly plant a chrysanthemum stalk from a bouquet in a pot? The stalk is planted after the roots have reached a length of 0.7 - 1 cm. A drainage layer is laid on the bottom of the container, a soil layer is placed on top and the shoot is placed on top.

The cutting is buried in depth by about 5 cm. The substrate around the cutting is compacted and thoroughly watered. A greenhouse effect is created for the container; for this, it is covered with a transparent "dome" or plastic wrap for 2 - 2.5 weeks and placed in a warm, bright place, but not on the south side of the house or apartment.

Sunlight exposure to a rooting shoot is contraindicated. The recommended temperature is + 20 degrees, at lower rates, rooting is slow, and when it rises, the roots rot.

Watering is done as the soil dries, frequent, but not too abundant.

From the moment the first leaves appear on the shoot, it can be fed with small doses of mineral fertilizers in about 14-15 days. It is advisable to choose mixtures from the ozz series.

Rooting becomes complete after 30-40 days. Before planting in a permanent place, young seedlings are hardened at a low temperature for 2 weeks. Then you can begin to gradually take the pots out into the street, gradually increasing the time of such "walks"; plants are transplanted to a permanent place from late April to May 10-15.

For her, they choose an illuminated, high part of the site. Swampy, low places are not suitable for this purpose. The earth is dug up, peat, ash and nitrophosphate are introduced into it.

To install the seedlings, wide pits are made, drainage is laid in them, and the cuttings are installed in a transshipment way, like planting in pots. Keep track of the distance between the pits, it should be 35-40 cm. From above, the soil is mulched.

Chrysanthemum care rules

A very important point is proper care within a month after the transplant. It is during this period that the flower adapts, and it should be given increased attention, shade from the sun, water, loosen.

Watering - the bushes are watered with warm, settled water if the topsoil is completely dry, and after watering, they must loosen the soil in the near-trunk circle to remove the soil crust.

Top dressing - for the entire growth cycle, the plant is fed at least three times:

  • nitrogen, 3 weeks after transplantation, at the time of formation and growth of shoots;
  • potassium - phosphorus mixtures, in the process of laying buds;
  • complex, after flowering.

Preparing for the winter season

Varietal chrysanthemums are cold-resistant and thermophilic. Cold-hardy ones are usually left in the soil for the winter without digging. After the plants have faded, the stems are cut to the very surface of the soil and sprinkled with peat and sand 1: 1, and for additional protection, sprinkled with autumn foliage.

Heat-loving species are dug up and stored indoors, these can be basements, sheds, storerooms or balconies. The dug rhizomes are folded into a sufficiently deep container and sprinkled on top with a mixture of peat and sand.

Sometimes flowers are kept together with a clod of earth, occasionally watering it.

Autumn cuttings

How to propagate chrysanthemum in the fall? Cutting a flower in the fall differs significantly from cuttings at other times of the year. The bush you need must be prepared; for this, the faded bush is cut off at the root and left in the soil for 2 - 2.5 weeks.

And then they are dug up and transferred to a room with room temperature. After 3 - 5 days, shoots appear, when they reach a length of 10 cm, they are separated. They do not need to be cut off, but should be torn off from the mother bush.

Ready cuttings are planted in open ground until mid-September, and if they do not have time, they are stored indoors, sometimes moistening the lump. Young bushes are planted in flower beds in spring.

Chrysanthemums can rightfully be called the leaders in autumn flower beds, because they bloom brightly and for a long time, keep freshness for a long time when cut, and are completely unpretentious in care and cultivation.

Additional information on growing chrysanthemums from cuttings can be obtained by watching an interesting video:


Watch the video: How to Propagate Mums by Cuttings: Planting u0026 Caring for Mums (August 2022).