Raspberry is a very unpretentious plant and can grow freely even in an abandoned garden. Gardeners and summer residents need to adhere to several rules for the correct planting and caring for raspberries, and then, as a result of the work, there will be well-groomed bushes, a plentiful and high-quality harvest.
- Selection of the place and method of placing raspberries
- Soil preparation
- Planting raspberries
- Tying raspberries
- Pruning raspberry bushes
Selection of the place and method of placing raspberries
By spring or autumn, you should determine the location of the raspberry in the garden or in the garden, and choose the method of planting it.
The area for growing raspberries should not only be well lit, but also protected from strong winter winds.
Quite often, it can be seen along the fence on the south or southwest side of the vegetable garden or orchard.
Raspberries should not be neighbors with potatoes, strawberries, tomatoes and fruit trees.
It can be planted in the place where gooseberries, black chokeberries or currants grew last year.
To place raspberry bushes in several rows, it should be planted with an interval of at least 70 cm, and there should be at least 1.5 m between the rows. 2 seedlings are placed in each hole. The optimal distance will allow you to more comfortably care for the growing raspberries, and each bush will get the necessary dose of sunlight and bear fruit abundantly.
For the tape method of placing raspberries, make a strip of raspberry stems with a tape width of 50 cm. Plant raspberries every 35-50 cm, keeping a distance between the tapes of 1.8-2 m.
If you want to plant raspberries in the fall, then 1.5 months before that, you should prepare the soil. For 1m2 you will need:
- manure 10-30 kg;
- superphosphate 60-80 gr;
- potassium sulfate 40-50 gr.
If the soil is heavy clay or sandy, put more manure. On peat soils, sanding is additionally carried out - 4 buckets of sand per 1m2.
If you plan to plant raspberries in the spring, then before planting, mix fertilizers with the upper, more fertile layer of the soil on which it will grow. And fill the hole with the mixture.
A few weeks before planting, it is necessary to dig holes (50 cm x 40 cm), folding the top layer of soil separately from the bottom.
If it was not possible to prepare, then pour the prepared mixture into the pit. For her you will need:
- compost or humus 10 kg;
- potassium sulfate 50 gr;
- wood ash 400 gr;
- granular superphosphate 100 gr.
If in the spring the soil in the pits prepared for raspberries is compacted, then it must be loosened and planted. In the fall, add a layer (5-10 cm) of fertile soil to the pit without using fertilizers and attach a seedling there. Then you need to cover it with the top layer of soil without fertilizers or with peat crumb (in a 1: 1 ratio).
When planting, spread the roots in different directions, shaking the seedling so that the soil fills all the void between the roots.
It is necessary to monitor the replacement kidney so that it is a few centimeters below the surface of the earth.
Then slightly compact the soil around the raspberries, making a small hole, water, then cover with humus, old straw or sawdust. After a few days, repeat watering, then focus on the weather.
Along the rows of raspberries, put posts 1.5 meters high, between them at a height of about one meter from the ground, tie a galvanized wire about 5 mm thick. Raspberry shoots should be tied to it. This whole system of posts with wire and tied up shoots is called a trellis.
After a year, it is recommended to add 2 rows of wire to it: lower and upper. Tie the lower one at a height of about 30 cm from the ground to the trellis and additional pegs. It is necessary for tying bent annual raspberry shoots in early autumn. The top is pulled at a height of 1.5 m.
Tie up raspberries annually so that the distance between their shoots is about 10 cm. Proper use of the trellis will provide protection from snow and thaws and convenience when harvesting.
Pruning raspberry bushes
To maintain the neatness of the bush and its size, the bushes should be pruned every spring. It is also useful because the berries will end up being large and juicy.
The recommended number of shoots on one raspberry bush is seven. Cut off old and unnecessary new shoots, and tie the remaining ones to the wire with twine.
If a seedling has a bud on the rhizome and on the stem of the raspberry well developed, as well as the root system, then it can be shortened to 35-40 cm.
Subject to the rules and recommendations when planting raspberries, the first harvest can be harvested in the same year, but a full and abundant harvest will be in the third year after planting. After 10 years, raspberries should find a new place in the garden and repeat the whole process of planting raspberries correctly.